Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2002

The WIC Participant and Program Characteristics (PC2004) report summarizes demographic characteristics of WIC participants nationwide in April 2004, along with information on participant income and nutrition risk characteristics. A national estimate of breastfeeding initiation for WIC infants is included. The report also describes WIC members of migrant farm-worker families.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
A Comparison of WIC Vendor Management Practices in 1991 and 1998

The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) published “The WIC Vendor Management Study, 1998” in July 2001 which examined, in part, the extent to which retail grocers, defined as “vendors” in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), were violating program rules and regulations. The 1998 study is a follow-up to the “WIC Vendor Issues Study, 1991” published by FNS in May 1993. From an operational and management perspective, it is important for FNS to know if there have been any changes in vendor management practices from 1991 to 1998. However, as there were differences in the way the data were collected, analyzed, and reported, the findings presented in the two published reports cannot be directly compared. This report presents a re-analysis of the data from the 1991 and 1998 studies, which allows comparisons of the findings.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
Survey of the Public Health Nutrition Workforce 1999-2000

The Association of State and Territorial Public Health Nutrition Directors (ASTPHND), with support from a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), conducted a census of the professional and paraprofessional public health nutrition workforce in the states and territories. ASTPHND has conducted periodic profiles of the public health nutrition workforce since 1985. Members of ASTPHND in their respective states and territories conducted the census reported in this paper during 1999-2000. Prior to this, ASTPHND's last survey was conducted in 1994.