WPM #2019-4: 2019-2020 WIC Income Eligibility Guidelines
This policy memorandum transmits the 2019-2020 Income Eligibility Guidelines (IEGs) for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) that were published in the Federal Register on April 26, 2019, at 84 FR 17775.
Section 17(d) (2) (A) of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1786(d)(2) (A)), requires the establishment of income criteria to be used with nutritional risk criteria in determining a person’s eligibility for participation in the WIC Program. Income eligibility for the WIC Program is determined using income standards as prescribed under section 9(b) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1758(b)). The income limit is 185 percent of the Federal poverty guidelines, as adjusted. Section 9(b) also requires that these guidelines be revised annually to reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index. The annual revision for 2019 was published by the Department of Health and Human Services at 84 FR 1167, on February 1, 2019. In accordance with the established income guidance, the revised WIC income eligibility guidelines are to be used in conjunction with the WIC regulations at 7 CFR 246.7(d).
WIC state agencies may implement the revised IEGs concurrently with the implementation of IEGs under the Medicaid Program. State agencies that do not coordinate implementation with the Medicaid Program must implement the revised WIC IEGs no later than July 1, 2019.
WIC state agencies must ensure that Management Information Systems incorporate the 2019-2020 changes accordingly.
A supplemental chart is attached for state agencies to use in determining the annual, monthly, twice-monthly, biweekly and weekly income limits. There is also a chart for families greater than eight.