Work Requirement Policy Resources
ABAWD Policy Resources
Here are some resources to find out more about SNAP ABAWDs and related information.
- Final Rulemaking: Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents, Questions and Answers for States – December 4, 2019
- SNAP Unemployment Data and Methods for ABAWD Waivers - January 2020
- Webinar: Rule Changes to ABAWD Waivers and Discretionary Exemptions (slides with additional detail and content) – December 18, 2019
- Webinar: Rule Changes to ABAWD Waivers and Discretionary Exemptions (audio and video) – December 18, 2019
- Implementation of Rule Changes to ABAWD Waiver Standards and Discretionary Exemptions – December 2019
- State Agency Readiness to Apply the ABAWD Time Limit and Serve ABAWDs – December 2019
- Clarifications on Work Requirements, ABAWDs, and E&T – May 2018
- Best Practices and Resources for Informing Households of ABAWD Rules – May 2018
- Requirements for Informing Households of ABAWD Rules
- ABAWDS Time Limit Exemption for Veterans Disability Benefit Recipients
- ABAWD Time Limit Policy and Program Access Memo - November 2015
- Guide to Serving ABAWDs Subject to the Time Limit
- ABAWD Questions and Answers - June 2015
- ABAWD Questions and Answers - December 2013
- ABAWD 101 Presentation
- Expiration of Statewide ABAWD Time Limit Waivers
- SNAP - Guide to Supporting Requests to Waive the Time Limit for Able-Bodied Adults without Dependents (ABAWD) (Note: This guide is only valid through March 31, 2020, as a result of the final rule, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents, that was published on December 5, 2019. FNS expects to replace this guide in the future.
- Historical Policy Document: Waivers of Work Requirement Time Limits Based on Insufficient Jobs - March 1997
- Historical Policy Document: Guidance for States Seeking Waivers for Food Stamp Limits - December 1996
ABAWD Discretionary Exemptions
Federal law provides that each state SNAP agency be allotted a number of exemptions equal to 12 percent of the state's caseload that is ineligible for program benefits because of the ABAWD time limit. Prior to FY 2020, the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 allocated exemptions equal to 15 percent of the state's caseload that is ineligible for program benefits because of the ABAWD time limit. The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 reduced the allocation to 12 percent for FY 2020 and each subsequent fiscal year. Moving forward, the Department will refer to these exemptions as discretionary exemptions.
These exemptions allow the state agency, at its discretion, to extend SNAP eligibility to a limited number of ABAWDs subject to the time limit. Each discretionary exemption extends eligibility to one ABAWD for one month. As per federal law, FNS calculates and issues state agencies with a new allotment for each federal fiscal year. State agencies do not earn new discretionary exemptions based on areas that are covered by ABAWD time limit waivers in the preceding fiscal year.