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Imposing a Time Limit on Food Stamp Receipt: Implementation of the Provisions and Effects on Food Stamp Program Participation

Resource type
Research
Research type
Policy Analysis
Resource Materials
PDF Icon Summary (47.56 KB)
PDF Icon Final Report (1.14 MB)

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 imposed a work requirement and time limit on food stamp recipients viewed as fit to work – able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs). ABAWD participants are limited to three months of benefits in a three-year period unless they meet a work requirement. This study provides a national picture of how states implemented the ABAWD provisions and who was affected.

Page updated: December 15, 2021