Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

The Extent of Trafficking in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: 2012–2014

Resource type
Research type
Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
SNAP Benefit Use
Resource Materials
PDF Icon Summary (225.57 KB)
PDF Icon Final Report (722.35 KB)

Trafficking of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits occurs when SNAP recipients sell their benefits for cash to food retailers, often at a discount. Although trafficking does not increase costs to the federal government, it is a diversion of program benefits from their intended purpose of helping low-income families access a nutritious diet. This report, the latest in a series of periodic analyses, provides estimates of the extent of trafficking during the period 2012 through 2014.

Page updated: September 27, 2023