Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

The Extent of Trafficking in the Food Stamp Program

Resource type
Research type
Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
SNAP Benefit Use
Resource Materials
PDF Icon Final Report (1.40 MB)

This study was the first in a series of studies that estimated the extent of retailer-level SNAP benefit trafficking. The major findings included large stores having only half the store violation rate that smaller stores had. Additionally, the overall benefit trafficking rate was 13.0% as compared to 1.3% in the latest trafficking rate study.

Updated: 08/01/1995