This study is the eighth in a series of studies that examine the rate of benefit trafficking SNAP, annualized amount of benefits trafficked and store violation rate. The estimates are presented as 'current estimates' that are calculated to be comparable to past studies, and as 'updated estimates' that are calculated to be comparable to other trafficking reports released by FNS.
- Measured by the updated estimates, the trafficking rate between 2015 and 2017 is 1.6 percent.
- The annualized amount of benefits trafficked was approximately $1.27 billion.
- The store violation rate was 12.7 percent.
- Measured by the current estimates, which are directly comparable to previous studies, both the trafficking rate and the store violation rate have increased since the 2012 to 2014 study period.