FNS Documents & Resources
The Savings in Medicaid Costs for Newborns and their Mothers Resulting from Prenatal Participation in the WIC Program
The primary objective of this study was to determine the savings in Medicaid costs for newborns and their mothers during the first 60 days after birth resulting from participating the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) during pregnancy.
This publication is a practical guide for WIC administrators to design and implement program evaluations.
Purpose of this report is to manage the Child Nutrition programs effectively, FNS collects and analyzes information from annual State-level management reports.
The Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) provides supplemental foods to low-income households living on or near Indian reservations. While recognizing a need for assistance among American Indians, Congress was concerned that this need may not be adequately addressed by the Food Stamp Program, the largest and most widely available food assistance program in the United States. The primary concern was that the remote location of many reservations may make it difficult for many American Indians to participate in the Food Stamp Program because they live some distance from a food stamp office and food stores are scarce or far away. Thus, FDPIR represents an alternative to the Food Stamp Program for residents of Indian reservations. This study presents the first nationally representative profiles of FDPIR participant and program characteristics, and the food-assistance needs and preferences among this particular target population. This executive summary provides a brief historical perspective on the program, describes the objectives and methodology of the evaluation, and summarizes the major finding.
Prior to 1982, school districts were not required to verify the income or household size declared by households that applied for meal benefits. It was assumed that households were correctly reporting their income, and children from households that applied and declared a sufficiently Low income were given free or reduced-price meals. From 1982 to the present, the verification of household income for at least some of the approved application s for meal benefits has been part of each school district's responsibilities.