Resource | Policy Memos
SNAP - Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents Percentage Exemption Totals for Fiscal Year 2020

This memorandum adjusts the total number of exemptions available to each state for FY 2020, as shown in the table on the next page. Please note that the totals do not account for any exemption usage in FY 2020 (those figures must be reported in final by states on the Form FNS-583, due 45-days after the end of the fiscal year).

Resource | Policy Memos
Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents Final Rule Injunction

As a result of the preliminary injunction of the final rule’s provisions related to waivers, states are not currently required to meet those waiver standards in order to implement a waiver of the time limit. Instead, while the injunction is in place, the previous waiver criteria published in the Jan. 17, 2001, final rule, Food Stamp Program: Personal Responsibility Provisions of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, will be used as the basis for any waiver approvals.

Resource | Policy Memos
SNAP Unemployment Data and Methods for ABAWD Waivers

This resource provides states with information on how to obtain Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau data and step-by-step instructions on how to use that data to calculate an unemployment rate in support of an ABAWD waiver request.  These technical sources and methods are consistent with those that FNS has endorsed in the past, but have been adapted where appropriate to account for the final rule’s changes to the definition of the geographic area that can be waived and recent changes to the Census Bureau’s data tool.

Resource | Policy Memos
State Agency Readiness to Apply the ABAWD Time Limit and Serve ABAWDs

This final rule supports the Agency’s commitment to self-sufficiency by modifying states’ ability to receive waivers of the ABAWD time limit.  More specifically, the rule sets robust, quantitative standards that states’ must meet in order to receive such waivers and limits the accumulation of discretionary exemptions.

Resource | Policy Memos
Implementation of Regulatory Changes to ABAWD Waiver Standards and Discretionary Exemptions

On Dec. 5, 2019, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) will publish the final rule, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Requirements for  Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents.  It is available for public inspection at the Federal Register.   

Resource | Policy Memos
Questions and Answers: Final Rulemaking Requirements for ABAWDs

On Dec. 5, 2019, the  FNS final rule, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents, will publish in the Federal Register. The rule revises the conditions under which FNS would waive, when requested by states, the able-bodied adult without dependents (ABAWD) time limit in areas that have an unemployment rate of over 10 percent or a lack of sufficient jobs. In addition, the rule limits the carryover of unused ABAWD discretionary exemptions. 

Resource | Comment Request
Reopening of Comment Period: SNAP Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents

This proposed rule seeks to amend the regulatory standards by which USDA evaluates state Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program agency requests to waive the time limit and to end the unlimited carryover of able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD) percentage exemptions.  FNS seeks to reopen the comment period on April 8, 2019, for a period of 3 days ending April 10, 2019.

Resource | Proposed Rule
Proposed Rule: SNAP Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents

The proposed rule would encourage broader application of the statutory ABAWD work requirement, consistent with the Administration's focus on fostering self-sufficiency.

Resource | Policy Memos
Clarifications on Work Requirements, ABAWDs, and E&T

The Office of lnspector General's (OIG) 2016 Audit Report, Food and Nutrition Service Controls over SNAP Benefits for Able Bodied Adults without Dependents (ABAWD), recommended that the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) perform analysis to identify problematic areas for states in terms of ABAWD policy and then provide states with additional best practices to address those areas. FNS has performed the recommended analysis and has determined that states and other stakeholders would benefit most from additional guidance in two general areas: ABAWD policy's interaction with other SNAP work-related policies and "tracking" participation for ABAWDs.

Resource | Comment Request
SNAP: Requirements and Services for Able-Bodied Adults without Dependents

The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended (the Act), limits the amount of time an able-bodied adult without dependents (ABAWD) can receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits to 3 months in a 36-month period, unless the individual is working and/or participating in a work program half-time or more, or participating in workfare.