FNS Documents & Resources
WIC racial/ethnic data was collected as part of the WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2016, conducted by Insight Policy Research and Abt Associates for the Food and Nutrition Service.
This report, the latest in a series of annual reports on WIC eligibility, presents 2016 national and State estimates of the number of people eligible for WIC benefits and the percents of the eligible population and the US population covered by the Program, including estimates by participant category.
The report also provides estimates by region, State, U.S. territory, and race and ethnicity.
The biennial WIC Participant and Program Characteristics Report describes a census of all participants in WIC. The most recent report (PC 2016) reflects State management information systems data from April 2016, and this Food Package Report is a supplemental analysis of that data. While PC 2016 summarizes participant characteristics, this report summarizes the food packages, or prescriptions, that State agencies (SAs) issued to these participants.
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Food Package Cost Report, Fiscal Year 2014
This report supplements FNS administrative data on food package costs by estimating the average monthly food costs for each WIC participant category and food package type. It also estimates total pre- and post-rebate dollars spent on 17 major categories of WIC-eligible foods in FY 2014. This report is an update to the previous WIC Food Package Cost Report for FY 2010.
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Medicaid II Feasibility Study: Final Report
The USDA Food and Nutrition Service’s (FNS) 1990 WIC Medicaid Study I (WM-I) found that prenatal WIC participation was associated with improved birth outcomes and savings in Medicaid costs. A 2003 study by Buescher, et al., found that WIC participation during childhood was associated with increased health care utilization and Medicaid costs, and concluded that WIC enhanced children’s linkages to the health care system.