Resource | Technical Assistance & Guidance
ABAWD Waivers

Able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) can get SNAP for only 3 months in a 3-year period if they do not meet certain extra work requirements. This is called the ABAWD time limit.

The law allows states to ask FNS to temporarily waive the ABAWD time limit based on evidence showing that an area has an unemployment rate of over 10 percent or does not have a sufficient number of jobs.  An ABAWD time limit waiver does not waive the general SNAP work requirements.

This page includes information on waiver status by state by Fiscal Quarter.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0016
SNAP – Families First Coronavirus Response Act and Impact on Time Limit for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWDs)

The recently enacted Families First Coronavirus Response Act temporarily and partially suspends the time limit for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWD) participation in SNAP. 

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2017-0063
Electronic Notice Waivers and Options

FNS has reexamined the SNAP electronic notice (e-notice) waiver, which allows states to provide designated notices to households through an online account on a secure website or portal instead of mailing paper notices to physical addresses. This memo serves to notify SNAP state agencies that sending e-notices and informing clients that they have a new notice via email is now a state option, provided that the state meets each of the conditions described in the memo.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2015-0020
Expiration of Statewide ABAWD Time Limit Waivers

Section 6(o) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 limits able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD) eligibility for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) to 3 months in any 36-month period, unless the individual meets the ABAWD work requirement or is otherwise exempt. The law also provides that States may qualify to temporarily waive the 3-month time limit in areas with high unemployment or depressed labor markets.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2014-0078
Waiver Process Update - Additional Guidance on Indefinite Waivers

On March 20, 2014, FNS issued the Waiver Process Update memorandum which revised existing waiver procedures and guidance to eliminate indefinite waiver approvals and minimize inconsistencies in approval requirements for similar waivers. This memo provides additional guidance to state agencies interested in submitting renewal requests for the indefinite waivers expiring April 30, 2015.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2014-0041
SNAP Guidance for State Agencies on Novel Waivers

In recent years, FNS has approved several innovative waiver requests that have afforded states new flexibility in administering SNAP. Because these waivers are relatively new, untested, and complex, FNS categorizes them as "novel" waivers.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2014-0023
Early Denial Waiver Memo

FNS has recently undertaken a review of its waiver processes and the effectiveness of its approved waivers. Specifically, FNS has recently reviewed the "Early Denial" waiver, also known as "10-Day Denial" waiver, which waives Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) regulations at 7 CFR 273.2(g)(3) and 7 CFR 273.2(h)(2).

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2014-0019
Waiver Process Update

FNS is issuing this memorandum to update current waiver procedures and revise previous guidance contained in the Sept. 14, 2004, memo, "Revised Waiver Processing Instructions." FNS is enhancing administrative waiver procedures to streamline current processes and eliminate inconsistencies in approval requirements for similar waivers.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2012-0033
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program - Able Bodied Adults Without Dependents Waivers for Fiscal Year 2013

This memo provides information about which states are eligible to waive Able Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWD) time limits for participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program(SNAP) for fiscal year 2013.  Under  SNAP regulations at 7CFR 273.24(f)(2), a state can qualify for a 12-month statewide ABAWD waiver if the Department of Labor's Unemployment Insurance Service determines it meets the criteria for extended unemployment benefits.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2011-0031
SNAP-Able Bodied Adults Without Dependents Waivers for Fiscal Year 2012

The DOL EC Trigger Notice 2011-13, effective April 10, 2011, indicates that 46 states or geographic areas met the EC criteria; however, the 46 qualifying states or geographic areas may suspend the time limits on ABAWDs through at least Sept. 30, 2012