Resource | Policy Memos
FY14 State Reporting of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Benefits Funding in Connection With A-133 Single Audits

This memorandum provides guidance on reporting expenditures of SNAP funds in order to comply with reporting requirements of Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-133 and OMB guidance implementing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). Our Oct. 31, 2013 subject memorandum pertained to A-133 audits of Fiscal Year 2013. This memorandum updates that document by providing parallel information on Fiscal Year 2014 audits.

Resource | Policy Memos
Men Who are Residents of Shelters for Battered Women and Children Policy Clarification Memo

This memorandum is intended to clarify Food and Nutrition Service's (FNS) policy regarding men who are victims of domestic violence residing in shelters for battered women and children, which will henceforth be referred to as shelters for battered persons. Both the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended (the Act), and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) regulations allow certain flexibilities for victims of domestic violence who are fleeing their abuser.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Dynamics and Determinants of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation from 2008 to 2012

These reports describe individuals’ patterns of SNAP participation and analyze which factors were associated with their decisions to enter or exit the program. Both studies use data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Income and Program Participation covering the period from 2008 to 2012.

Resource | Research | Demonstrations
Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Pilot Projects in Increasing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation among Medicare's Extra Help Population

This study reports on a project launched in 2010 to pilot and evaluate innovative strategies to reduce SNAP participation barriers for low-income elderly by leveraging new data-sharing requirements related to Medicare assistance programs that help pay for prescription drugs or Medicare premiums. SNAP accesses the medical assistance program data and contacts those individuals that appear SNAP eligible. Grants were awarded to New Mexico, Pennsylvania, and Washington.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households: Fiscal Year 2013

This annual report provides details on the demographic characteristics and economic circumstances of SNAP households at both the national and State level. In 2013, most participants were children or elderly - 44 percent of participants were under age 18 and 9 percent were age 60 or older. The average SNAP household benefit declined by $3 to $271. The most common form of income was from earnings; 31 percent of SNAP households had income from work. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.

Resource | Policy Memos
Waiver Process Update - Additional Guidance on Indefinite Waivers

On March 20, 2014, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) issued the Waiver Process Update memorandum which revised existing waiver procedures and guidance to eliminate indefinite waiver approvals and minimize inconsistencies in approval requirements for similar waivers. This memo provides additional guidance to State agencies interested in submitting renewal requests for the indefinite waivers expiring April 30, 2015.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Understanding the Rates, Causes, and Costs of Churning in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

“Churning” in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is defined as when a household exits SNAP and then re-enters the program within 4 months. Churning is a policy concern due to the financial and administrative burden incurred by both SNAP households and State agencies that administer SNAP. This study explores the circumstances of churning in SNAP by determining the rates and patterns of churn, examining the causes of caseload churn, and calculating costs of churn to both participants and administering agencies in six States.

Resource | Research | Policy Analysis
The Characteristics and Circumstances of Zero-Income Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households

This study describes the characteristics, circumstances, and participation and income dynamics of zero-income SNAP households and seeks to assess whether economic and policy changes may have affected this growth.

Resource | Research | General/Other
Nutrition Assistance In Farmers Markets: Understanding the Shopping Patterns of SNAP Participants

This study was undertaken to understand why some SNAP participants shop at farmers markets and others in the same geographic area do not.  Results suggest that SNAP participants buy most of their fresh fruits and vegetables at farmers markets.  Of those who shop at farmers markets, overall value including quality and price are major reasons for shopping at markets.  Of those who do not, reasons for not shopping at farmers markets centered on convenience.

Resource | Policy Memos
Guide to Improving Notices of Adverse Action

The guide allows you to (1) evaluate NOAAs to see how well they work for clients; and (2) improve them using proven plain language and information design techniques. In addition, the guide contains models for general notices—providing you with some basic language and formatting examples that can be adapted to notices.