Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2014

WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2014 (PC 2014) summarizes the demographic characteristics of participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) nationwide in April 2014. It includes information on participant income and nutrition risk characteristics, estimates breastfeeding initiation rates for WIC infants, and describes WIC members of migrant farm-worker families. PC 2014 is the most recent in a series of reports generated from WIC State management information system data biennially since 1992.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
WIC Breastfeeding Peer Counseling Study: Phase II Follow Up Implementation Report

The main objectives of this report are to describe how Loving Support© Peer Counseling is currently implemented in WIC State agencies (SAs) and local agencies (LAs); and to draw comparisons with the program’s implementation in 2008, when the last study was conducted. Another key objective of the study is to examine how States used the increased funds. At the time of the last study, Federal grant funding for peer counseling totaled about $15 million annually. In Fiscal Year (FY) 2010, the amount increased to $80 million, and subsequently declined to $60 million in FY 2014.

Resource | Research | Breastfeeding
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study 2 (ITFPS-2): Intention to Breastfeed

The WIC Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study 2 (WIC ITFPS-2)/ “Feeding My Baby” Study is designed to describe the feeding practices used by caregivers and measure the nutrition outcomes of children who participate in WIC. The study uses a longitudinal design; caregivers respond to surveys periodically from a prenatal interview through the infant’s third birthday. This study will provide a series of reports. The current report presents results from the prenatal survey.

Resource | Research | Breastfeeding
WIC Breastfeeding Policy Inventory

FNS funded the WIC Breastfeeding Policy Inventory (WIC BPI) to collect data on breastfeeding policies and practices, as well as the breastfeeding measures in use by SAs and LAs. The WIC BPI was a census of the 90 WIC State agencies (including Indian Tribal Organizations (ITOs) and U.S. Territories) and the approximately 1,800 local WIC agencies.

Resource | Interim Final Rule
Interim Rule: Revisions in the WIC Food Packages

This interim rule revises regulations governing the WIC food packages to align the WIC food packages with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) and current infant feeding practice guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics, better promote and support the establishment of successful long-term breastfeeding, provide WIC participants with a wider variety of food, and provide WIC state agencies with greater flexibility in prescribing food packages to accommodate participants with cultural food preferences.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2006

The WIC Participant and Program Characteristics (PC2006) report summarizes demographic characteristics of WIC participants nationwide in April 2006, along with information on participant income and nutrition risk characteristics. A national estimate of breastfeeding initiation for WIC infants is included. The report also describes WIC members of migrant farm-worker families.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
2005 WIC Vendor Management Study

 In 1991 and 1998, FNS conducted national studies of WIC vendors to determine the extent of vendor violation of program rules. After the 1998 study, FNS issued regulations to correct vendor practices. The 2005 study replicates the 1998 study to determine whether the regulations were effective, and to measure the frequency of vendor violations and the degree to which vendors charge accurate prices for WIC transactions.