Resource | Legislation
The Food Stamp Act of 1977 (As Amended Through PL 106–580, Dec. 29, 2000)

To strengthen the agricultural economy; to help to achieve a fuller and more effective use of food abundances; to provide for improved levels of nutrition among low-income households through a cooperative Federal-State program of food assistance to be operated through normal channels of trade; and for other purposes.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: Fiscal Year 1999

The Food Stamp Program (FSP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. The FSP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). In an average month in fiscal year 1999, the FSP served approximately 18.2 million people. This report presents the characteristics of food stamp households nationwide in fiscal year 1999 (October 1998 to September 1999). This information on household characteristics comes from FSP household data for fiscal year 1999 collected by FNS for quality control purposes. Appendix J: Data Collection Instrument not included. Annual quality control data used to produce this report can be found using the link below.

Resource | Final Rule
Final Rule: FSP Noncitizen Eligibility, and Certification Provisions of PL 104-193, as Amended by PL 104-208, 105-33 and 105-185

This rule finalizes a proposed rule published February 29, 2000, amending Food Stamp Program (Program) regulations to implement several provisions of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), and subsequent amendments to these provisions made by the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act of 1996 (OCAA), the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA), and the Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act of 1998 (AREERA).

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2000-0018
Preguntas y Respuestas sobre la Norma Final de las Disposiciones para la Autorización y la Elegibilidad de No Ciudadanos

Preguntas y Respuestas sobre la Norma Final de las Disposiciones para la Autorización y la Elegibilidad de No Ciudadanos

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2000-0017
Questions and Answers on the Noncitizen Eligibility and Certification Provisions Final Rule

The attached questions and answers concern the final rule’s provisions on Semi-Annual Reporting. They address both certification policy and quality control review procedures. 

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Trends in the FSP Participation Rates: Focus on 1994 to 1998

The Food Stamp Program (FSP) helps needy families purchase food so that they can maintain a nutritious diet. Families are eligible for the program if their financial resources fall below certain income and asset thresholds. However, not all eligible families participate in the program. Some choose not to, while others do not know they are eligible. The participation rate—the ratio of the number of participants to the number of eligibles—reveals the degree to which eligible families participate. This report concentrates on trends in the participation rates since 1994. It focuses on trends in the rates before and after welfare reform, and throughout much of the economic expansion of the 1990s.

Resource | Final Rule
Final Rule: FSP Non-Discretionary Provisions of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996

This rule finalizes a proposed rule published July 12, 1999, by amending the Food Stamp Program Regulations to implement certain non-discretionary provisions of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) that affect the Food Stamp Program.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2000-0016
Department of Defense - Family Subsistence Supplemental Allowance for Certain Members of the Armed Forces

Included in the Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001, signed into law on Oct. 30, 2000, is a provision requiring the Department of Defense (DoD) to pay certain service members and their families a Family Subsistence Supplemental Allowance (FSSA) so they will not have to rely on food stamps to make ends meet.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2000-0015
Military Subsistence Allowance

The National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2006 (PL 109-163, Section 608), permanently authorizes the supplemental subsistence allowance for low-income members of the Armed Forces with dependents.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2000-0014
TANF vehicle rules for the Food Stamp Program

On October 28, 2000, the President signed Public Law 106-387, the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001, which includes several provisions affecting the Food Stamp Program. This memorandum describes the two provisions of this act which increase the maximum excess shelter expense deduction, and allow States to substitute their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) vehicle rules for the food stamp vehicle rules where doing so would result in a lower attribution of resources to food stamp households.