Resource | Research | Food/Nutrient Analysis
Analysis of WIC Food Package Prescriptions,1998-2002

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) assists low-income pregnant, breastfeeding, and postpartum women, infants, and children by providing nutrition education, health and social service referrals, and supplemental foods. Specific WIC foods and maximum quantities are defined by Federal regulations. However, State and local WIC agencies have flexibility to tailor food package prescriptions to address participants’ individual needs and preferences. The purpose of this report is to illustrate the types and amounts of foods being prescribed within the WIC Food Package for each category of participants. This report does not provide information on redemption of the food prescriptions, or on actual food consumption; at this time, comprehensive data are available only on food prescriptions.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
WIC Participant and Program Characteristics 2004

The WIC Participant and Program Characteristics (PC2004) report summarizes demographic characteristics of WIC participants nationwide in April 2004, along with information on participant income and nutrition risk characteristics. A national estimate of breastfeeding initiation for WIC infants is included. The report also describes WIC members of migrant farm-worker families.

Resource | Research | Food/Nutrient Analysis
WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change

This is a report of the National Academies' Institute of Medicine (Food and Nutrition Board), published here by permission. It is also available on the Institute of Medicine website. In response to many concerns about the WIC food packages, the Food and Nutrition Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to conduct a review of the WIC food packages.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
WIC Program Coverage: How Many Eligible Individuals Participated in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC): 1994 to 2003?

Recently, the method used to calculate the number of individuals eligible for the WIC program was evaluated and an improved methodology was developed. These new, improved estimates provide better insight on the WIC program and should help improve the program in the future. The new estimates show that 13.5 million individuals were eligible for WIC and 7.7 million participated in WIC in 2003. This coverage rate of 57% is consistent with trends since 2000 and is similar to the coverage rate found in the Food Stamp Program.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
WIC Staffing Data Collection Project

The project, conducted by Burger, Carroll & Associates, Inc., is a component of ongoing Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) efforts to effectively develop administrative data collection on important issues in local level WIC staffing. This WIC Staffing Data Collection pilot project was prompted by a 2001 General Accounting Office (GAO) report that: cited a range of quality of services between local WIC agencies; expressed concern that local agencies may not be able to provide adequate services; and cited a need for improved professionalism and quality of service, as well as enhanced availability of professional staff to provide direct services. USDA determined that additional data are required to adequately respond to GAO’s concerns and other requests for information. The goal of this project was to aid FNS in identifying staffing items/questions that can successfully be answered by WIC local agencies. Both paper-and-pencil and electronic based administrative reporting instruments were developed and pilot tested in this project. Along with literature review and public and advisory panel comment, the project provides suggestions by twelve WIC local agencies that volunteered to pilot test the instruments. These agencies provided feedback on items/questions in order to maximize data quality and minimize respondent burden.