Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
WIC Erroneous Payments to Vendors: Annual Estimates for FY 2011

This report provides improper payment estimates for fiscal year (FY) 2011 using a methodology for “aging” the 2005 bookend study. The methodology yields nationally representative estimates of the number of vendors that over- and undercharged and the amount of over- and undercharges across all WIC vendors.

Resource | Research, Analysis & Background
Child Care Dietary Assessment - Peer Review Plan

Designed as an adjunct to the The Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010-mandated study on nutrition and wellness quality in child care settings, this project will examine the dietary intakes of a nationally representative sample of children in child care centers, including Head Start sites.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
WIC Erroneous Payments to Vendors: Annual Estimates for FY 2010

This report provides improper payment estimates for FY 2010 using a methodology for “aging” the 2005 bookend study. The methodology yields nationally representative estimates of the number of vendors that over- and undercharged and the amount of over- and undercharges across all WIC vendors.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
WIC Erroneous Payments to Vendors: Annual Estimates for 2009

This report provides improper payments estimates for FY 2009 using a methodology for “aging” the 2005 bookend study. This updates previous reports providing estimates from 2005 to 2008.

Resource | Research | Payment Accuracy and Program Integrity
Improper Payments to WIC Vendors 2005-2008

About every 7 years, FNS performs a nationally representative study (called a bookend study1) to examine the extent of error and abuse among food vendors authorized to accept WIC vouchers. The last bookend study was the 2005 WIC Vendor Management Study, which used fiscal year (FY) 2005 expenditure data to derive an estimate for 2004. Between bookend studies, there is a need to derive annual estimates of the level of improper payments for compliance with the Improper Payments Information Act of 2002. The purpose of the subsequent annual studies was to provide annual updates to the bookend studies using the developed aging methodology.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
National Survey of WIC Participants II

This report, the first of three, addresses the first objective of the study, which is to explore the characteristics and experiences of WIC participants.

Resource | Research
Addressing Child Hunger and Obesity in Indian Country: Report to Congress Summary

This report responds to the requirement found in section 141 of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) and summarizes hunger, obesity, and Type II diabetes among American Indian (AI) and Alaska Native (AN) children living on or near reservations or other tribal lands (often referred to as Indian Country).

Resource | Research | Breastfeeding
Evaluation of the Birth Month Breastfeeding Changes to the WIC Food Packages

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) has been providing nutritious foods, nutrition education, breastfeeding support, and health referral services to low-income mothers and their children for over 30 years. In 2006 the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to review the WIC food packages. The IOM proposed major changes to improve nutrition and encourage breastfeeding but also expressed the concern that changes related to partial breastfeeding may have unintended consequences. The IOM recommended that FNS conduct an impact study evaluating the birth month breastfeeding changes to the WIC food packages. This study responds to that recommendation.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Effects of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC): A Review of Recent Research

This report begins with an overview of the WIC program, including its administrative structure and benefits, and a detailed description of the literature search protocol used to identify the studies included.