Resource | Technical Assistance & Guidance
ABAWD Waivers

Able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) can get SNAP for only 3 months in a 3-year period if they do not meet certain extra work requirements. This is called the ABAWD time limit.

The law allows states to ask FNS to temporarily waive the ABAWD time limit based on evidence showing that an area has an unemployment rate of over 10 percent or does not have a sufficient number of jobs.  An ABAWD time limit waiver does not waive the general SNAP work requirements.

This page includes information on waiver status by state by Fiscal Quarter.

Resource | Technical Assistance & Guidance
Work Requirement Policy Resources

Here are some resources to find out more about SNAP ABAWDs and related information. 

Resource | Policy Memos
Requirements for Informing Households of ABAWD Rules

Section 6(o) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended, limits the time able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) can receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits to 3 months in any 36-month period, unless the individual meets the ABAWD work requirement or is otherwise exempt.

Resource | Policy Memos
SNAP Guide to Supporting Requests to Waive the Time Limit for ABAWDs

This guide consolidates and underscores FNS policy concerning waivers of the ABAWD time limit and replaces its predecessor, FNS' August 2006 Guidance on Requesting ABAWD Waivers. FNS advises state agencies to use this guide to understand, obtain, and prepare evidence that successfully supports an ABAWD time limit waiver request based on relevant sections of the Act; federal regulations; and historical SNAP policy.

Resource | Policy Memos
Clarifying Obsolete Regulatory References to WIOA; Americorps; ABAWDs

This memo clarifies both how States must treat Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) for the purposes of the ABAWD work requirement and identifies obsolete statutory references to programs under the WIOA.

Resource | Policy Memos
ABAWD Time Limit Exemption for Veterans Disability Benefit

This memorandum clarifies how to apply an exemption from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program time limit for able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD) related to individuals receiving U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability compensation. 

Resource | Policy Memos
FY 2016 Allocation of 15 percent Exemptions – Total, Including Carryover

This memorandum provides the total number of 15 percent ABAWD exemptions available to each State for FY 2016, which includes the new exemptions earned for FY 2016, exemptions used in FY 2015 and carryover from previous fiscal years.

Resource | Policy Memos
ABAWD Time Limit Policy and Program Access Memo

This memorandum provides guidance to States in taking the balanced approach necessary to properly implement the SNAP time limit for able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD).

Resource | Policy Memos
SNAP Able-Bodied Adults without Dependents Q&As June 2015

Section 6(0) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 limits able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD) eligibility for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) to 3 months in any 36-month period, unless the individual meets the ABA WD work requirement or is otherwise exempt. The Food and Nutrition Service is providing the attached guidance in response to recent questions from State agencies concerning ABAWD policy.

Resource | Policy Memos
ABAWD Question and Answers

Attached are questions posed by State agencies and Food and Nutrition Service responses that provide clarification on SNAP policy surrounding time-limited participation for ABA WDs.