Resource | Waivers
SNAP – Families First Coronavirus Response Act and Impact on Time Limit for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWDs)

The recently enacted Families First Coronavirus Response Act, which was signed by President Donald J. Trump on March 18, 2020, temporarily and partially suspends the time limit for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWD) participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Program (SNAP). 

Resource | Policy Memos
SNAP Unemployment Data and Methods for ABAWD Waivers

This resource provides states with information on how to obtain Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau data and step-by-step instructions on how to use that data to calculate an unemployment rate in support of an ABAWD waiver request.  These technical sources and methods are consistent with those that FNS has endorsed in the past, but have been adapted where appropriate to account for the final rule’s changes to the definition of the geographic area that can be waived and recent changes to the Census Bureau’s data tool.

Resource | Final Rule
Final Rule: SNAP Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents

USDA is finalizing its rulemaking proposed Feb. 1, 2019. The rule revises the conditions under which USDA would waive, when requested by states, the able-bodied adult without dependents (ABAWD) time limit in areas that have an unemployment rate of over 10 percent or a lack of sufficient jobs. In addition, the rule limits carryover of ABAWD discretionary exemptions.

Resource | Policy Memos
State Agency Readiness to Apply the ABAWD Time Limit and Serve ABAWDs

This final rule supports the Agency’s commitment to self-sufficiency by modifying states’ ability to receive waivers of the ABAWD time limit.  More specifically, the rule sets robust, quantitative standards that states’ must meet in order to receive such waivers and limits the accumulation of discretionary exemptions.

Resource | Policy Memos
Implementation of Regulatory Changes to ABAWD Waiver Standards and Discretionary Exemptions

On Dec. 5, 2019, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) will publish the final rule, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Requirements for  Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents.  It is available for public inspection at the Federal Register.   

Resource | Policy Memos
Questions and Answers: Final Rulemaking Requirements for ABAWDs

On Dec. 5, 2019, the  FNS final rule, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents, will publish in the Federal Register. The rule revises the conditions under which FNS would waive, when requested by states, the able-bodied adult without dependents (ABAWD) time limit in areas that have an unemployment rate of over 10 percent or a lack of sufficient jobs. In addition, the rule limits the carryover of unused ABAWD discretionary exemptions. 

Resource | Policy Memos
SNAP Section 4005 of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 - Questions and Answers

These Questions and Answers are in response to changes made by Section 4005 of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, enacted on Dec. 20, 2018, to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Employment and Training program and certain Able-bodied Adults without Dependents work policies. 

Resource | Comment Request
Reopening of Comment Period: SNAP Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents

This proposed rule seeks to amend the regulatory standards by which USDA evaluates state Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program agency requests to waive the time limit and to end the unlimited carryover of able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWD) percentage exemptions.  FNS seeks to reopen the comment period on April 8, 2019, for a period of 3 days ending April 10, 2019.

Resource | Proposed Rule
Proposed Rule: SNAP Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents

The proposed rule would encourage broader application of the statutory ABAWD work requirement, consistent with the Administration's focus on fostering self-sufficiency.

Resource | Policy Memos
Clarifications on Work Requirements, ABAWDs, and E&T

The Office of lnspector General's (OIG) 2016 Audit Report, Food and Nutrition Service Controls over SNAP Benefits for Able Bodied Adults without Dependents (ABAWD), recommended that the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) perform analysis to identify problematic areas for states in terms of ABAWD policy and then provide states with additional best practices to address those areas. FNS has performed the recommended analysis and has determined that states and other stakeholders would benefit most from additional guidance in two general areas: ABAWD policy's interaction with other SNAP work-related policies and "tracking" participation for ABAWDs.