Resource | Technical Assistance & Guidance
ABAWD Waivers

Able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) can get SNAP for only 3 months in a 3-year period if they do not meet certain extra work requirements. This is called the ABAWD time limit.

The law allows states to ask FNS to temporarily waive the ABAWD time limit based on evidence showing that an area has an unemployment rate of over 10 percent or does not have a sufficient number of jobs.  An ABAWD time limit waiver does not waive the general SNAP work requirements.

This page includes information on waiver status by state by Fiscal Quarter.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0067
Work Requirement Policy Resources

Here are some resources to find out more about SNAP ABAWDs and related information. 

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0062
SNAP - Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents Percentage Exemption Totals for Fiscal Year 2020

This memorandum adjusts the total number of exemptions available to each state for FY 2020, as shown in the table on the next page. Please note that the totals do not account for any exemption usage in FY 2020 (those figures must be reported in final by states on the Form FNS-583, due 45-days after the end of the fiscal year).

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0061
Requirements for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents Final Rule Injunction

As a result of the preliminary injunction of the final rule’s provisions related to waivers, states are not currently required to meet those waiver standards in order to implement a waiver of the time limit. Instead, while the injunction is in place, the previous waiver criteria published in the Jan. 17, 2001, final rule, Food Stamp Program: Personal Responsibility Provisions of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, will be used as the basis for any waiver approvals.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0016
SNAP – Families First Coronavirus Response Act and Impact on Time Limit for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWDs)

The recently enacted Families First Coronavirus Response Act temporarily and partially suspends the time limit for Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWD) participation in SNAP. 

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2020-0004
SNAP Unemployment Data and Methods for ABAWD Waivers

This resource provides states with information on how to obtain Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau data and step-by-step instructions on how to use that data to calculate an unemployment rate in support of an ABAWD waiver request.  These technical sources and methods are consistent with those that FNS has endorsed in the past, but have been adapted where appropriate to account for the final rule’s changes to the definition of the geographic area that can be waived and recent changes to the Census Bureau’s data tool.