Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
School Meals Initiative Implementation Study: Third Year Report

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP) are key components of a national policy designed to safeguard and promote the nutritional well-being of the Nation’s children. The programs are administered by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), operating through state agencies (SAs) that have agreements with the local school systems in their States. Despite the progress that has been achieved over the years in enhancing the quality of school meals, results of research conducted in the early 1990s indicated that school meals, on balance, were failing to meet certain key nutritional goals. In light of these findings, the USDA launched a far-reaching reform of the school meals programs, a reform aimed at upgrading the nutritional content of school meals. The reform began in late 1993 with public hearings followed by a proposed rule in 1994 and a final rule in 1995. The several elements of this reform are collectively referred to as the School Meals Initiative for Healthy Children (SMI). The status of this initiative, together with an examination of selected operational issues of these programs, are the principal subjects of this report.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Trends in Food Stamp Program Participation Rates: 1994 to 2000

This report is the latest in a series on trends in Food Stamp Program (FSP) participation rates, based on the Current Population Survey. This report focuses on changes in rates from 1994 to 2000.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Reaching Those in Need: State Food Stamp Participation Rates in 2000

This document presents estimates of food stamp participation rates for States as of September 2000. These estimates can be used to assess recent program performance and focus efforts to improve performance.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
An Assessment of Computer Matching in the Food Stamp Program

This report summarizes the results from the State census conducted by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Data for the census were collected during Fiscal Year (FY) 2001. The study examines how States are currently using or planning to use computer matching strategies for error reduction in the Food Stamp Program (FSP).

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Elderly Participation and the Minimum Benefit

Many elderly individuals eligible for food stamps do not participate. While there are many possible reasons, one commonly offered explanation is that benefits are often too small to justify the effort needed to apply. This analysis suggests that most elderly are eligible for fairly substantial food stamp benefits, although a significant number are eligible only for a small benefit.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Reaching Those in Need: Food Stamp Participation Rates in the States in 1999

This is the fourth report in a series of publications presenting estimates of the percentage of eligible persons, by State, who participate in the Food Stamp Program (FSP). This issue presents food stamp participation rates for States in September 1999 and the change between September 1994 and September 1999. This information can be used to assess recent trends in program performance and focus efforts for improvement. This report also presents revised estimates of FSP participation rates for States in September of 1994 to 1998. These estimates differ from those previously reported because of improvements in data and estimation methods.

Resource | Research | Demonstrations
Evaluation of the School Breakfast Program Pilot Project: Findings from the First Year of Implementation

Participation in the School Breakfast Program (SBP) by children from low-income households continues to be less than their participation in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). There is concern that children might be coming to school without eating breakfast and still not be participating in the SBP for a variety of reasons, including a perceived stigma associating school breakfast participation with poverty. The aim of this pilot is to study the impact of the availability of universal-free school breakfast on breakfast participation and measures related to students’ nutritional status and academic performance. This pilot is not intended to evaluate the current SBP or the value of consuming breakfast.

Resource | Research | Food/Nutrient Analysis
Availability of Fresh Produce In Nutrition Assistance Programs

Fruit and vegetable consumption is an important component of a balanced diet consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the Food Guide Pyramid. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) promotes the increased consumption of fruits and vegetables, in all forms – fresh, frozen, canned, dried and juices, through its nutrition assistance programs.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Evaluation of the Expanded Off-Line EBT System in Ohio

This report describes how the Direction Card system works; the process undertaken by ODJFS and its EBT vendor to design, develop, and test the system; the implementation process and experiences; and the cost of system design, development, and implementation. Volume 2 of this report compares the ongoing administrative costs of system operations and system levels of benefit loss and diversion with those of on-line EBT systems and the Dayton pilot.