Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Dynamics and Determinants of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation from 2008 to 2012

These reports describe individuals’ patterns of SNAP participation and analyze which factors were associated with their decisions to enter or exit the program. Both studies use data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Income and Program Participation covering the period from 2008 to 2012.

Resource | Research | Demonstrations
Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Pilot Projects in Increasing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation among Medicare's Extra Help Population

This study reports on a project launched in 2010 to pilot and evaluate innovative strategies to reduce SNAP participation barriers for low-income elderly by leveraging new data-sharing requirements related to Medicare assistance programs that help pay for prescription drugs or Medicare premiums. SNAP accesses the medical assistance program data and contacts those individuals that appear SNAP eligible. Grants were awarded to New Mexico, Pennsylvania, and Washington.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
Characteristics of SNAP Households: FY 2013

This annual report provides details on the demographic characteristics and economic circumstances of SNAP households at both the national and State level. In 2013, most participants were children or elderly - 44 percent of participants were under age 18 and 9 percent were age 60 or older. The average SNAP household benefit declined by $3 to $271. The most common form of income was from earnings; 31 percent of SNAP households had income from work.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2015-0001
Men Who are Residents of Shelters for Battered Women and Children Policy Clarification Memo

This memorandum is intended to clarify FNS policy regarding men who are victims of domestic violence residing in shelters for battered women and children, which will henceforth be referred to as shelters for battered persons. Both the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, as amended (the Act), and SNAP regulations allow certain flexibilities for victims of domestic violence who are fleeing their abuser.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2014-0036
Q&As Concerning Section 4018 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 Prohibiting Gov Sponsored Recruitment Activities

The attached questions and answers are intended to address state agency concerns about the effects of the Agricultural Act of 2014 on outreach in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2015-0006
FY 2014 State Reporting of SNAP Benefits Funding in Connection With A-133 Single Audits

This memorandum provides guidance on reporting expenditures of SNAP funds in order to comply with reporting requirements of OMB Circular A-133 and OMB guidance implementing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Our Oct. 31, 2013 subject memorandum pertained to A-133 audits of Fiscal Year 2013. This memorandum updates that document by providing parallel information on Fiscal Year 2014 audits.

Resource | Policy Memos | FNS-GD-2014-0078
Waiver Process Update - Additional Guidance on Indefinite Waivers

This memo provides additional guidance to state agencies interested in submitting renewal requests for the indefinite waivers expiring April 30, 2015.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Understanding the Rates, Causes, and Costs of Churning in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

“Churning” in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is defined as when a household exits SNAP and then re-enters the program within 4 months. Churning is a policy concern due to the financial and administrative burden incurred by both SNAP households and State agencies that administer SNAP. This study explores the circumstances of churning in SNAP by determining the rates and patterns of churn, examining the causes of caseload churn, and calculating costs of churn to both participants and administering agencies in six States.

Resource | Research | Policy Analysis
The Characteristics and Circumstances of Zero-Income Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Households

This study describes the characteristics, circumstances, and participation and income dynamics of zero-income SNAP households and seeks to assess whether economic and policy changes may have affected this growth.

Resource | Research | General/Other
Nutrition Assistance In Farmers Markets: Understanding the Shopping Patterns of SNAP Participants

This study was undertaken to understand why some SNAP participants shop at farmers markets and others in the same geographic area do not.