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WIC Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study 2 (ITFPS-2): Fifth Year Report

Resource type
Research type
Food Security
Food/Nutrient Analysis
Nutrition Education
Participation Rates
Resource Materials
PDF Icon Summary (194.63 KB)
PDF Icon Executive Summary (574.32 KB)
PDF Icon Final Report (3.17 MB)
PDF Icon Appendices (3.92 MB)

USDA's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) safeguards the health of pregnant and postpartum women, infants, and young children from low-income households who are at nutritional risk.

The WIC Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study-2 (WIC ITFPS-2), also known as the “Feeding My Baby” study, is the only national study to capture data on caregivers and their children over the first 5 years of the child’s life after enrollment in WIC, regardless of their continued participation in the program. The study also conducts additional follow-ups with children at ages 6 and 9. Overall, the study examines child-feeding practices, associations between WIC services and those practices, and the health and nutrition outcomes of children who received WIC around birth.

This report, the sixth in the series generated from this study, focuses on the dietary intake patterns, eating behaviors, and weight status of children during the fifth year of life. The report also examines associations between WIC participation and key diet and health-related outcomes.

Key findings

  • Families who remain in WIC during children's fifth year of life report continued participation because of the food they receive, the education and information they receive, and that WIC staff listen to their thoughts about their child's health.
  • Children who consistently participate in WIC through their fifth year of life have better overall diet quality, on average, than children who only participated in their second and third years of life.
  • When compared to children not receiving WIC or SNAP, children participating in WIC but not SNAP at age 54 months are more likely to meet recommendations for limiting added sugar intake.

See Also

Page updated: January 19, 2024