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Infant Formula Recall & Supply

Recall Information

On Feb. 17, Abbott recalled certain powder formulas, including Similac, Alimentum, and Elecare, produced at its manufacturing facility in Sturgis, Michigan following consumer complaints related to Cronobacter infection in infants. In addition to these products, Abbott subsequently recalled one lot of Similac PM 60/40. The FDA is advising parents and caregivers not to feed their baby formula affected by the recall.

In the WIC program, FNS continues to extend state agencies the flexibilities they need to help provide babies with infant formula. The map shows the WIC state agencies that have been granted certain FNS waivers.

Map showing waiver status of each state.

Click here to see a larger version of the map

Availability of Certain Specialty and Metabolic Formulas

On April 29, the FDA updated its powdered infant formula safety advisory to address its concern that the risk of not having certain specialty and metabolic products available could significantly worsen underlying medical conditions and in some cases pose life-threatening risks for infants and individuals who rely on these products. Abbott has confirmed with the FDA that the company will consider release of these products on a case-by-case basis, depending on the severity of the individual’s need.

Supply Shortages
infant formula advice
On May 13, the White House issued the fact sheet: President Biden Announces Additional Steps to Address Infant Formula Shortage highlighted in the corresponding USDA press release.

Infant formula shortages, worsened by the recall, are impacting FNS program participants differently depending on where they live and what their specific formula needs are. This has left many parents and caregivers concerned about how they will feed their babies.  

The American Academy of Pediatrics offers tips for parents and caregivers who are struggling to find baby formula during the shortage. Please talk with your pediatrician about safe and appropriate feeding alternatives for your child and review the steps mentioned in this USDA blog post.

In the WIC program, FNS continues to extend state agencies the flexibilities they need to help provide babies with infant formula.  FNS has reached out to each state to reiterate the available flexibilities. Contact your state or local WIC agency if you have questions about your infant formula benefits.

Additional Information

Information for WIC State Agencies

If you are a WIC state agency see: Guidance for WIC State Agencies.

Check below for lists of WIC state agencies have been granted certain FNS waivers.

Medical Documentation

Allows participants to receive a different brand of formula without a doctor's note.

The Medical Documentation waivers I & II  can be found here and waiver III here.

Response issued March 23, 2022:

  • Muscogee Creek Nation WIC

Granted Feb. 28, 2022

  • Arkansas WIC

Granted Feb. 25, 2022

  • Citizen Potawatomi Nation WIC
  • Colorado WIC
  • Inter-Tribal Council of Oklahoma WIC
  • Wichita, Caddo, and Delaware Tribes WIC

Granted Feb. 24, 2022

  • Eight Northern Indian Pueblos Council WIC

Granted Feb. 23, 2022:

  • California WIC
  • Chickasaw Nation WIC
  • Otoe Missouria WIC

Granted Feb. 22, 2022:

  • Arizona WIC
  • New Mexico WIC
  • Oklahoma WIC
  • Omaha Nation WIC
  • Rosebud Sioux Tribe WIC

Granted Feb. 21, 2022:

  • Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma WIC
  • Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma WIC
  • Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos, Inc. WIC
  • Louisiana WIC
  • Maine WIC
  • Navajo Nation WIC
  • Osage Nation WIC
  • Pueblo of Isleta WIC
  • Texas WIC
  • Utah WIC
  • Washington WIC
  • Pueblo of Zuni WIC

Granted Feb. 20, 2022:

  • Alaska WIC
  • American Samoa WIC
  • Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands WIC
  • Connecticut WIC
  • Delaware WIC
  • District of Columbia WIC
  • Guam WIC
  • Hawaii WIC
  • Idaho WIC
  • Iowa WIC
  • Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona WIC
  • Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada WIC
  • Kansas WIC
  • Kentucky WIC
  • Maryland WIC
  • Massachusetts WIC
  • Minnesota WIC
  • Missouri WIC
  • Montana WIC
  • Nebraska WIC
  • Nevada WIC
  • New Hampshire WIC
  • North Dakota WIC
  • Oregon WIC
  • Pennsylvania WIC
  • Rhode Island WIC
  • South Dakota WIC
  • Standing Rock Sioux Tribe WIC
  • Tennessee WIC
  • U.S. Virgin Islands WIC
  • Vermont WIC
  • Virginia WIC
  • West Virginia WIC
  • Wisconsin WIC
  • Wyoming WIC
Maximum Monthly Allowance

Allows participants to receive alternate container sizes -- including those that are bigger than usual  - and different forms, like ready to feed.

The Maximum Monthly Allowance waiver can be found here.
Maximum monthly allowance (MMA) for infants in Food Package III can be found here.

Granted March 23, 2022

  • Muscogee Creek Nation WIC

Granted March 8, 2022

  • Northern Arapaho WIC

Granted Feb. 28, 2022

  • Arkansas WIC

Granted Feb. 25, 2022

  • Citizen Potawatomi Nation WIC
  • Colorado WIC
  • Inter-Tribal Council of Oklahoma WIC
  • Wichita, Caddo, and Delaware Tribes WIC

Granted Feb. 24, 2022

  • Eight Northern Indian Pueblos Council WIC

Granted Feb. 23, 2022

  • California WIC
  • Chickasaw Nation WIC
  • Otoe Missouria WIC
  • Pueblo of Isleta WIC
  • Three Affiliated Tribes WIC
  • Ute Mountain Ute Tribe WIC
  • Winnebago Tribe WIC

Granted Feb. 22, 2022

  • Arizona WIC
  • New Mexico WIC
  • Oklahoma WIC
  • Omaha Nation WIC
  • Rosebud Sioux Tribe WIC

Granted Feb. 21, 2022:

  • Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma WIC
  • Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma WIC
  • Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos, Inc. WIC
  • Louisiana WIC
  • Maine WIC
  • Navajo Nation WIC
  • Osage Nation WIC
  • Texas WIC
  • Utah WIC
  • Washington WIC
  • Pueblo of Zuni WIC

Granted Feb. 20, 2022:

  • Alaska WIC
  • American Samoa WIC
  • Commonwealth of the Northern Marianna Islands WIC
  • Connecticut WIC
  • Delaware WIC
  • District of Columbia WIC
  • Guam WIC
  • Hawaii WIC
  • Idaho WIC
  • Iowa WIC
  • Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona WIC
  • Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada WIC
  • Kansas WIC
  • Kentucky WIC
  • Maryland WIC
  • Massachusetts WIC
  • Michigan WIC
  • Minnesota WIC
  • Missouri WIC
  • Montana WIC
  • Nebraska WIC
  • Nevada WIC
  • New Hampshire WIC
  • North Dakota WIC
  • Oregon WIC
  • Pennsylvania WIC
  • Rhode Island WIC
  • South Dakota WIC
  • Standing Rock Sioux Tribe WIC
  • Tennessee WIC
  • U.S. Virgin Islands WIC
  • Vermont WIC Virginia WIC
  • West Virginia WIC
  • Wisconsin WIC
  • Wyoming WIC
Vendor Exchanges

Allows stores to exchange recalled formula purchased with WIC benefits.

The Vendor Exchanges waiver can be found here.

Granted March 23, 2022

  • Muscogee Creek Nation WIC

Granted March 8, 2022

  • Northern Arapaho WIC

Granted March 3, 2022

  • Alabama WIC

Granted March 1, 2022

  • North Carolina WIC

Granted Feb. 28, 2022

  • Arkansas WIC

Granted Feb. 25, 2022

  • Citizen Potawatomi Nation WIC
  • Colorado WIC
  • Inter-Tribal Council of Oklahoma WIC
  • New York WIC
  • Wichita, Caddo, and Delaware Tribes WIC

Granted Feb. 24, 2022

  • Eight Northern Indian Pueblos Council WIC
  • Florida WIC
  • Georgia WIC
  • Mississippi WIC
  • South Carolina WIC

Granted Feb. 23, 2022:

  • Chickasaw Nation WIC
  • Ohio WIC
  • Otoe Missouria WIC
  • Three Affiliated Tribes WIC
  • Ute Mountain Ute Tribe WIC
  • Winnebago Tribe WIC

Granted Feb. 22, 2022:

  • Arizona WIC
  • California WIC
  • Indiana WIC
  • New Jersey WIC
  • New Mexico WIC
  • Oklahoma WIC
  • Omaha Nation WIC
  • Puerto Rico WIC
  • Rosebud Sioux Tribe WIC

Granted Feb. 21, 2022:

  • Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma WIC
  • Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma WIC
  • Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos, Inc. WIC
  • Louisiana WIC
  • Maine WIC
  • Navajo Nation WIC
  • Osage Nation WIC
  • Pueblo of Isleta WIC
  • Texas WIC
  • Utah WIC
  • Washington WIC
  • Pueblo of Zuni WIC

Granted Feb. 20, 2022:

  • Alaska WIC
  • American Samoa WIC
  • Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands WIC
  • Connecticut WIC
  • Delaware WIC
  • District of Columbia WIC
  • Guam WIC
  • Hawaii WIC
  • Idaho WIC
  • Iowa WIC
  • Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona WIC
  • Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada WIC
  • Kansas WIC
  • Kentucky WIC
  • Maryland WIC
  • Massachusetts WIC
  • Michigan WIC
  • Minnesota WIC
  • Missouri WIC
  • Montana WIC
  • Nebraska WIC
  • Nevada WIC
  • New Hampshire WIC
  • North Dakota WIC
  • Oregon WIC
  • Pennsylvania WIC
  • Rhode Island WIC
  • South Dakota WIC
  • Standing Rock Sioux Tribe WIC
  • Tennessee WIC
  • U.S. Virgin Islands WIC
  • Vermont WIC
  • Virginia WIC
  • West Virginia WIC
  • Wisconsin WIC
  • Wyoming WIC
Vendor Substitutions During Transaction

Allows stores to substitute formula manually when online benefit technology isn't available.  Note: this waiver is not necessary for most state agencies.  

The vendor formula substitutions waiver can be found here

Granted March 3, 2022: 

  • Texas WIC

Information for WIC Participants

If you are a WIC participant and have questions about the impact on your WIC benefits, contact your local WIC agency or WIC state agency.

Toll-Free Numbers for WIC State Agencies

The recall includes certain powder formulas, including Similac, Alimentum and EleCare.

The recall does not include metabolic deficiency nutrition formulas, liquid infant formula or liquid exempt infant formula.

The soy product Isomil provided through WIC infant formula rebates contracts is not included in the recall.

Do not throw away recalled formula. Return it to the store for a refund or exchange, call the company at 1-800-986-8540, or contact your local WIC agency for instructions.

Key Messages for Consumers

Check to see if you have recalled formula by:

  • Reviewing the codes on the bottom of your package.
  • Visiting the company’s website.
  • Calling the company at 1-800-986-8540.

Do not feed your baby or toddler recalled powder formula. Continue to use powder formula not included in the recall.

Do not throw away recalled formula. Return it to the store for a refund or exchange or call the company at 1-800-986-8540.

Learn more at: Infant Formula Recall: What to Know.

The FDA provided additional information for parents and caregivers of infants receiving medical specialty infant formula and individuals using certain medical foods. 

Contact your child's healthcare provider if:

  • Your baby has symptoms of Cronobacter illness (fever and poor feeding, crying, or very low energy).
  • Your regular formula is not available, and you need recommendations on other ways to feed your baby or toddler.

Infant Formula Safety Tips

Some steps to ensure the safety of infant formula include:

  • Do not feed your baby cow's milk until they are about 12 months old, unless no alternative is available and you've talked with your child's medical provider. 
  • Choose an infant formula that’s safe. For more information on choosing an infant formula that’s safe, visit the CDC and FDA pages on the topic.
  • Don’t make homemade infant formula. See the FDA’s page for more information.
  • Do not buy formula online that comes from outside the United States. This formula could be counterfeit, for example it might have a fake label with a wrong use-by-date.
  • Properly prepare and store infant formula. For information on proper preparation and storage, visit the CDC’s page.
  • Properly clean, sanitize, and store infant feeding items. Visit the CDC’s page for more information.
  • Always wash your hands. For information on how and when to wash your hands, visit the CDC’s page.

Información en español

Para obtener información en español, visite este sitio de web.

Para averiguar si el producto que tiene está incluido en este retiro, haga clic aquí.

CDC
FDA
AAP
Learn more about Cronobacter illnesses linked to powder infant formula. Visit the FDA advisory for more information about the investigation related to the powder infant formula recall. Check out Ask a Pediatrician: What should I know about the infant formula recall?