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Information for FNS Program Stakeholders

The Abbott infant formula recall and related supply shortages are effecting FNS program participants differently depending on where they live and their specific formula needs. This has left many parents and caregivers concerned about how they will feed their babies.

WIC State agencies hold rebate contracts with infant formula manufacturers. USDA continues to extend WIC state agencies the flexibilities they need to help provide babies with infant formula. FNS has reached out to each state to reiterate the available flexibilities. If you have questions about your infant formula benefits, contact your WIC state agency.

For the Child and Adult Care Food Program, FNS has issued Questions and Answers to help program operators continue to serve infants in CACFP during the formula shortage.

WIC Flexibilities

Check below for State agencies that have been granted certain flexibilities as part of the FNS response.

Imported Infant Formula under FDA’s Infant Formula Enforcement Discretion

WIC State agencies that opt into this nationwide waiver may issue certain imported formulas.

States & Territories

Alaska WIC
American Samoa WIC
Arizona WIC
California WIC
Colorado WIC
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands WIC
Connecticut WIC
Delaware WIC
District of Columbia WIC
Florida WIC
Georgia WIC
Guam WIC
Hawaii WIC
Idaho WIC
Illinois WIC
Indiana WIC
Iowa WIC
Kansas WIC
Kentucky WIC
Louisiana WIC
Massachusetts WIC
Michigan WIC
Minnesota WIC
Missouri WIC
Montana WIC
Nebraska WIC
Nevada WIC
New Hampshire WIC
New Jersey WIC
New Mexico WIC
New York WIC
North Carolina WIC
Ohio WIC
Oklahoma WIC
Oregon WIC
Pennsylvania WIC
Rhode Island WIC
South Carolina WIC
South Dakota WIC
Tennessee WIC
Texas WIC
Utah WIC
Vermont WIC
Virginia WIC
Washington WIC
Wisconsin WIC
Wyoming WIC

ITOs

Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma WIC
Chickasaw Nation WIC
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma WIC
Citizen Potawtomi Nation WIC
Eastern Shoshone Tribe WIC
Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos Inc. WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Oklahoma WIC
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians WIC
Muscogee (Creek) Nation WIC
Navajo Nation WIC
Northern Arapaho WIC
Osage Nation WIC
Otoe-Missouria WIC
Omaha Nation WIC
Pueblo of Zuni WIC
Santee Sioux Nation WIC
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe WIC
Three Affiliated Tribes WIC
Ute Mountain Ute Tribe WIC
Winnebago Tribe WIC

Medical Documentation

Allows participants to receive a different brand of formula without a doctor's note.

The Medical Documentation waivers I & II can be found here.

Granted May 23, 2022

Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians WIC
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians WIC

Granted May 20, 2022

Alabama WIC
Georgia WIC
Mississippi WIC
North Carolina WIC

Granted May 18, 2022

Florida WIC
Indiana WIC
Ohio WIC
New Jersey WIC

Granted May 17, 2022

Michigan WIC
South Carolina WIC

Granted May 13, 2022

New York State WIC

Granted March 23, 2022

Muscogee Creek Nation WIC

Granted Feb. 28, 2022

Arkansas WIC

Granted Feb. 25, 2022

Citizen Potawatomi Nation WIC
Colorado WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Oklahoma WIC
Wichita, Caddo, and Delaware Tribes WIC

Granted Feb. 24, 2022

Eight Northern Indian Pueblos Council WIC

Granted Feb. 23, 2022

California WIC
Chickasaw Nation WIC
Otoe Missouria WIC

Granted Feb. 22, 2022

Arizona WIC
New Mexico WIC
Oklahoma WIC
Omaha Nation WIC
Rosebud Sioux Tribe WIC

Granted Feb. 21, 2022

Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma WIC
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma WIC
Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos, Inc. WIC
Louisiana WIC
Maine WIC
Navajo Nation WIC
Osage Nation WIC
Pueblo of Isleta WIC
Texas WIC
Utah WIC
Washington WIC
Pueblo of Zuni WIC

Granted Feb. 20, 2022

Alaska WIC
American Samoa WIC
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands WIC
Connecticut WIC
Delaware WIC
District of Columbia WIC
Guam WIC
Hawaii WIC
Idaho WIC
Iowa WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada WIC
Kansas WIC
Kentucky WIC
Maryland WIC
Massachusetts WIC
Minnesota WIC
Missouri WIC
Montana WIC
Nebraska WIC
Nevada WIC
New Hampshire WIC
North Dakota WIC
Oregon WIC
Pennsylvania WIC
Rhode Island WIC
South Dakota WIC
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe WIC
Tennessee WIC
U.S. Virgin Islands WIC
Vermont WIC
Virginia WIC
West Virginia WIC
Wisconsin WIC
Wyoming WIC

Maximum Monthly Allowance: Food Packages I & II

Allows participants to receive alternate container sizes -- including those that are bigger than usual - and different forms, like ready to feed.

The Maximum Monthly Allowance waiver can be found here.

Granted July 20, 2022

Puerto Rico WIC

Granted May 24, 2022

Pleasant Point Health Center WIC

Granted May 23, 2022

Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians WIC
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians WIC

Granted May 20, 2022

Alabama WIC
Georgia WIC
Mississippi WIC
New York WIC

Granted May 19, 2022

Illinois WIC

Granted May 18, 2022

Florida WIC
Indiana WIC
Ohio WIC
New Jersey WIC
Santee Sioux Nation WIC

Granted May 17, 2022

Eastern Shoshone WIC
North Carolina WIC
South Carolina WIC

Granted March 23, 2022

Muscogee Creek Nation WIC

Granted March 8, 2022

Northern Arapaho WIC

Granted Feb. 28, 2022

Arkansas WIC

Granted Feb. 25, 2022

Citizen Potawatomi Nation WIC
Colorado WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Oklahoma WIC
Wichita, Caddo, and Delaware Tribes WIC

Granted Feb. 24, 2022

Eight Northern Indian Pueblos Council WIC

Granted Feb. 23, 2022

California WIC
Chickasaw Nation WIC
Otoe Missouria WIC
Pueblo of Isleta WIC
Three Affiliated Tribes WIC
Ute Mountain Ute Tribe WIC
Winnebago Tribe WIC

Granted Feb. 22, 2022

Arizona WIC
New Mexico WIC
Oklahoma WIC
Omaha Nation WIC
Rosebud Sioux Tribe WIC

Granted Feb. 21, 2022

Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma WIC
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma WIC
Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos, Inc. WIC
Louisiana WIC
Maine WIC
Navajo Nation WIC
Osage Nation WIC
Texas WIC
Utah WIC
Washington WIC
Pueblo of Zuni WIC

Granted Feb. 20, 2022

Alaska WIC
American Samoa WIC
Commonwealth of the Northern Marianna Islands WIC
Connecticut WIC
Delaware WIC
District of Columbia WIC
Guam WIC
Hawaii WIC
Idaho WIC
Iowa WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada WIC
Kansas WIC
Kentucky WIC
Maryland WIC
Massachusetts WIC
Michigan WIC
Minnesota WIC
Missouri WIC
Montana WIC
Nebraska WIC
Nevada WIC
New Hampshire WIC
North Dakota WIC
Oregon WIC
Pennsylvania WIC
Rhode Island WIC
South Dakota WIC
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe WIC
Tennessee WIC
U.S. Virgin Islands WIC
Vermont WIC Virginia WIC
West Virginia WIC
Wisconsin WIC
Wyoming WIC

Maximum Monthly Allowance: Food Package III

Maximum monthly allowance (MMA) for infants in Food Package III can be found here.

Granted July 27, 2022

Nebraska WIC

Granted July 20, 2022

Puerto Rico WIC

Granted June 28, 2022

Florida WIC
Iowa WIC

Granted June 22, 2022

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians WIC
Tennessee WIC
Wisconsin WIC
Washington WIC

Granted June 9, 2022

Texas WIC

Granted June 3, 2022

Idaho WIC
Minnesota WIC

Granted June 2, 2022

Arkansas WIC
Osage Nation WIC
Rhode Island WIC
South Dakota WIC

Granted June 1, 2022

Arizona WIC
Chickasaw Nation WIC
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma WIC
Citizen Potawatomi Nation WIC
Connecticut WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona WIC
Navajo Nation WIC
New Mexico WIC
Oklahoma WIC
Otoe-Missouria WIC
Wichita, Caddo, and Delaware Tribes WIC
Wyoming WIC

Granted May 31, 2022

Colorado WIC
Indiana WIC
Montana WIC
New York WIC
Ohio WIC
Vermont WIC

Granted May 27, 2022

California WIC
Michigan WIC
New Hampshire WIC

Granted May 23, 2022

Delaware WIC
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians WIC
Massachusetts WIC
North Carolina WIC
Pennsylvania WIC

Vendor Exchanges

Allows stores to exchange recalled formula purchased with WIC benefits.

The Vendor Exchanges waiver can be found here.

Granted May 24, 2022

Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians WIC
Pleasant Point Health Center WIC

Granted May 23, 2022

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians WIC

Granted May 18, 2022

Santee Sioux Nation WIC

Granted March 23, 2022

Muscogee Creek Nation WIC

Granted March 8, 2022

Northern Arapaho WIC

Granted March 3, 2022

Alabama WIC

Granted March 1, 2022

North Carolina WIC

Granted Feb. 28, 2022

Arkansas WIC

Granted Feb. 25, 2022

Citizen Potawatomi Nation WIC
Colorado WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Oklahoma WIC
New York WIC
Wichita, Caddo, and Delaware Tribes WIC

Granted Feb. 24, 2022

Eight Northern Indian Pueblos Council WIC
Florida WIC
Georgia WIC
Mississippi WIC
South Carolina WIC

Granted Feb. 23, 2022

Chickasaw Nation WIC
Ohio WIC
Otoe Missouria WIC
Three Affiliated Tribes WIC
Ute Mountain Ute Tribe WIC
Winnebago Tribe WIC

Granted Feb. 22, 2022

Arizona WIC
California WIC
Indiana WIC
New Jersey WIC
New Mexico WIC
Oklahoma WIC
Omaha Nation WIC
Puerto Rico WIC
Rosebud Sioux Tribe WIC

Granted Feb. 21, 2022

Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma WIC
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma WIC
Five Sandoval Indian Pueblos, Inc. WIC
Louisiana WIC
Maine WIC
Navajo Nation WIC
Osage Nation WIC
Pueblo of Isleta WIC
Texas WIC
Utah WIC
Washington WIC
Pueblo of Zuni WIC

Granted Feb. 20, 2022

Alaska WIC
American Samoa WIC
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands WIC
Connecticut WIC
Delaware WIC
District of Columbia WIC
Guam WIC
Hawaii WIC
Idaho WIC
Iowa WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona WIC
Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada WIC
Kansas WIC
Kentucky WIC
Maryland WIC
Massachusetts WIC
Michigan WIC
Minnesota WIC
Missouri WIC
Montana WIC
Nebraska WIC
Nevada WIC
New Hampshire WIC
North Dakota WIC
Oregon WIC
Pennsylvania WIC
Rhode Island WIC
South Dakota WIC
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe WIC
Tennessee WIC
U.S. Virgin Islands WIC
Vermont WIC
Virginia WIC
West Virginia WIC
Wisconsin WIC
Wyoming WIC

Vendor Substitutions During Transaction

Allows stores to substitute formula manually when online benefit technology isn't available. Note: this waiver is not necessary for most state agencies.

The vendor formula substitutions waiver can be found here.

Granted March 3, 2022

Texas WIC

Additional Resources

Supply Shortages

The formula shortage has left many families feeling anxious about how they’ll feed their babies. 

While we know it’s not easy to change your baby’s diet, most babies will do just fine with different brands of formula, including store brands, as long as they're the same type, like cow's milk-based, soy, hypoallergenic (extensively hydrolyzed), or elemental (amino acid-based).

The American Academy of Pediatrics offers tips for parents and caregivers who are struggling to find baby formula during the shortage as well as information about new baby formula brands on the shelves.

Talk with your pediatrician about safe and appropriate feeding alternatives for your child.

Key Messages for Consumers

We know it’s not easy to change your baby’s diet, but here are some suggestions if you can't find your baby's normal formula.

  • Try a new brand of formula.
  • Try formula that's made in another country and sold in the United States.
  • Talk to your health care provider about substitutes for hypoallergenic or specialty formula.
  • Explore resources for breastfeeding.

Visit the HHS site for more information about these tips, ways to feed your baby safely, and help finding formula.

Infant Formula Safety Tips

The CDC and FDA have information for choosing a safe infant formula. Some steps to ensure the safety of infant formula include:

Breastfeeding Support

Breastfeeding can provide many health benefits for you and your baby.