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The Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) provides USDA Foods to income-eligible households living on Indian reservations and to Native American households residing in designated areas near reservations or in Oklahoma. USDA distributes both food and administrative funds to participating Indian Tribal Organizations and state agencies to operate FDPIR. These Indian Tribal Organizations and state agencies determine applicant eligibility, distribute the foods, and provide nutrition education to recipients.

Participant Eligibility Requirements

Income-eligible American Indian and non-Indian households that reside on a reservation, and households living in approved areas near a reservation or in Oklahoma that contain at least one person who is a member of a federally-recognized tribe, are eligible to participate in FDPIR.

Households are certified based on income standards set by the federal government and must be re-certified at least every 12 months. Elderly and disabled households may be certified for up to 24 months.

Many households participate in FDPIR as an alternative to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) because they do not have easy access to SNAP offices or authorized food stores. Households may not participate in FDPIR and SNAP in the same month.

Income Eligibility Standards

The Income Eligibility Standards show the net monthly income standard for each household size and the deductions used to determine whether an applicant is income-eligible for FDPIR.

How to Apply

Contact your tribal organization or state distributing agency, or the FNS regional office in your area, for further assistance.

FDPIR Food Package

FDPIR participants select from more than 100 nutritious foods each month. The following links provide more information about the fruits, vegetables, proteins, legumes, grains, dairy, soups, and traditional foods available, along with recipes for using these foods. Most FDPIR sites also participate in the USDA DoD Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program, offering a variety of year-round and seasonal produce.

Page updated: July 13, 2023