Determining School and Child Care Commodity Entitlements
This memorandum describes how commodity entitlements are determined and allocated to States for meals served in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP).
The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (NSLA) requires the Department of Agriculture (USDA) to provide a minimum level of commodities to each State for the NSLP. This level of commodities support is referred to as the State’s entitlement.
The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), in conjunction with the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) and the Farm Service Agency (FSA), decides which commodities will be available and the amounts to purchase based on a consolidated purchase plan. The purchase plan is developed annually and updated as needed. This level of commodity support takes into consideration overall program entitlements to States, traditional usage in previous years, State and school preferences, anticipated market conditions, and the amounts and types of funds appropriated.