Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
Direct Certification in the National School Lunch Program Report to Congress: State Implementation Progress, School Year 2015-2016 and 2016-2017

This report responds to the requirement of PL 110-246 to assess the effectiveness of state and local efforts to directly certify children for free school meals. Direct certification is a process conducted by the states and by local educational agencies (LEAs) to certify eligible children for free meals without the need for household applications. The 2004 Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act required LEAs to establish systems to directly certify children from households that receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits by school year (SY) 2008-2009. This report presents information on the outcomes of direct certification for SY 2015-2016 and SY 2016-2017.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Trends in SNAP Participation Rates: FY 2010-2016

This report presents estimates of participation rates for fiscal year (FY) 2016, comparing them to estimates of participation rates for FYs 2010 through 2015.

Resource | Research | Breastfeeding
National and State-Level Estimates of WIC Eligibles and Program Reach in 2015

This report, the latest in a series of annual reports on WIC eligibility, presents 2015 national and state estimates of the number of people eligible for WIC benefits and the percents of the eligible population and the US population covered by the program, including estimates by participant category.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Reaching Those in Need: Estimates of State SNAP Participation Rates in 2015

This report – part of an annual series – presents estimates of the percentage of eligible persons, by state, who participated in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) during an average month in fiscal year (FY) 2015 and in the two previous fiscal years. This report also presents estimates of state participation rates for eligible “working poor” individuals (persons in households with earnings) over the same period.

Resource | Research | Participation Characteristics
National and State-Level Estimates of WIC Eligibles and Program Reach 2013

This report offers updated estimates of the number of people eligible for WIC benefits in 2013, including (1) estimates by participant category (including children by single year of age) and coverage rates; (2) updated estimates in U.S. territories; and (3) confidence intervals. The national estimates presented in this report are based on a methodology developed in 2003 by the Committee on National Statistics of the National Research Council (CNSTAT). The report’s State-level estimates use a methodology developed by the Urban Institute that apportions the national figures using data from the American Community Survey.

Resource | Research | Assessing/Improving Operations
WIC Breastfeeding Peer Counseling Study: Phase II Follow Up Implementation Report

The main objectives of this report are to describe how Loving Support© Peer Counseling is currently implemented in WIC State agencies (SAs) and local agencies (LAs); and to draw comparisons with the program’s implementation in 2008, when the last study was conducted. Another key objective of the study is to examine how States used the increased funds. At the time of the last study, Federal grant funding for peer counseling totaled about $15 million annually. In Fiscal Year (FY) 2010, the amount increased to $80 million, and subsequently declined to $60 million in FY 2014.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Trends in SNAP Participation Rates: FY 2010-2013

This report provides estimates of the percentage of individuals eligible for SNAP under the Federal income and asset guidelines who participated in an average month in 2013. It provides national estimates for the general population and for subgroups, including children, the elderly, people living in households with various income sources, and noncitizens.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Direct Certification in the National School Lunch Program Report to Congress: State Implementation Progress, School Year 2013-2014

This report responds to the requirement of PL 110-246 to assess the effectiveness of state and local efforts to directly certify children for free school meals. Direct certification is a process conducted by the states and by local educational agencies to certify eligible children for free meals without the need for household applications. 

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Empirical Bayes Shrinkage Estimates of State Supplemental Nutrition assistance Program Participation Rates in 2010-2012 for All Eligible People and the Working Poor

This report presents estimates that, for each state, measure the need for SNAP and the program’s effectiveness in each of the three years from 2010 to 2012.

Resource | Research | Participation Rates
Reaching Those in Need: Estimates of State SNAP Participation Rates in 2012

This report – part of an annual series – presents estimates of the percentage of eligible persons, by state, who participated in SNAP during an average month in FY 2012 and in the two previous fiscal years. This report also presents estimates of state participation rates for eligible “working poor” individuals (people in eligible households with earnings) over the same period.