|DATE:||June 14, 2013|
|POLICY MEMO:||SP 46-2013|
|SUBJECT:||School Nutrition Program Administrative Reviews: Assessing Compliance with Dietary Specifications Using a USDA-Approved Menu Planning Tool for Certification for Six Cent Reimbursement|
Special Nutrition Programs
Child Nutrition Programs
The Food and Nutrition Services (FNS) recently released the new Administrative Review Guidance Manual, which includes four options that state agencies may use to assess compliance with dietary specifications – calories, saturated fat, and sodium – requirements. One option (i.e., Option 4) described in the Nutrient Analysis and Dietary Specifications Module of the Administrative Review Guidance Manual allows state agencies to request approval from FNS for an alternate process that incorporates a Department of Agriculture (USDA)-approved Menu Planning Tool for Certification for Six Cent Reimbursement (also referred to as Menu Planning Tool). The Menu Planning Tool is expected to be one element of a larger, comprehensive process that assesses compliance with dietary specifications requirements. Other than the tool used to assess compliance with dietary specifications requirements, this option is expected to be very similar to other state agency options (i.e., Options 1, 2 and 3) for reviewing dietary specifications.
This memo provides additional information on Option 4 for assessing a school food authority’s compliance with dietary specifications, and the approval process for state agencies proposing an alternate method.
Minimum Criteria for Alternate Method of Assessing Compliance with Dietary Specifications
FNS will review the state’s comprehensive dietary specifications review process and consider it for approval. At a minimum, any alternate method for assessing compliance with dietary specifications submitted to FNS for approval to use in administrative reviews must:
The process must incorporate a Menu Planning Tool that is currently approved by USDA. The USDA-approved Menu Planning Tool is expected to be one element of a larger Dietary Specifications Administrative Review process proposed by a state agency.
The proposed process must holistically evaluate how calories, saturated fat, and sodium are available to students in the environment where students consume school meals. For example, a school specifies reduced-sodium food products in bid specifications, but students freely access salt packets on a condiment table in the meal service area. The proposed process is expected to capture this type of information that would not be captured by a Menu Planning Tool. This approach gives state agency reviewers opportunities for technical assistance that can positively impact children’s health. See Table A (attached) or the Dietary Specifications Assessment Tool (available at: https://www.fns.usda.gov/cn/certification-compliance) for sample questions.
The specificity of a nutrient analysis (compared to estimates provided by Menu Planning Tools) is required to justify any fiscal action taken for non-compliance. Regulations require state agencies to conduct weighted nutrient analyses as part of administrative reviews (7 CFR parts 210.10(h), 210.18(g)(2)(iv), and §220.8(h)). Therefore, the proposal must include a trigger that prompts state agencies to conduct a nutrient analysis, when necessary, and a description of how the need for a nutrient analysis is determined. For example, the proposed methodology may include use of the Menu Planning Tools to more efficiently target nutrient analyses.
Any proposed methodology must incorporate an on-site review element (i.e., reviewers observing the school environment in-person to assess compliance), regardless of the need for a nutrient analysis.
Evaluation and Approval Process
FNS regional offices will evaluate all alternate methods proposed by state agencies for assessing compliance with the dietary specifications during administrative reviews.
When proposing an alternate method, state agencies must submit the following information to the appropriate FNS regional office (in no more than 15 pages total):
- A detailed summary of the proposed methodology, including how the process:
- measures calories, saturated fat, and sodium;
- assesses food purchasing, menu planning, meal preparation, and meal service; and
- incorporates nutrient analyses, for cases when fiscal action needs to be assessed;
- An evaluation of the proposed methodology’s strengths and weaknesses in measuring calories, saturated fat, and sodium;
- Results from testing conducted on the proposed methodology; and
- A decision tree or flow chart (one page) that summarizes the state’s proposed dietary specifications review process.
The FNS regional office will evaluate each proposed methodology independently to determine appropriateness for measuring compliance with calories, saturated fat, and sodium requirements during an administrative review.
State agencies may submit proposals to their regional office at any time. FNS will notify the state of approval or denial within 60 days. The 60-day timeframe allows time for FNS to ask the state clarifying questions and request any additional information, if needed. FNS may recommend improvements prior to granting approval.
Marketing of Approval Status
As previously specified, the USDA-approved Menu Planning Tool is expected to be one element of a larger process proposed by a state agency. Consequently, vendors may market any USDA approved Menu Planning Tool as a potential component of an administrative review.
Marketing language permitted by FNS for both print and electronic product literature is as follows: “This software system is USDA-approved for Certification of Compliance with New Meal Patterns.” The developer may refer to the approval as “approved by USDA for use in Certification of Compliance with New Meal Patterns.”
Major Changes in the Previously Approved Process
The state agency must resubmit the methodology to the FNS regional office for approval if there are significant changes in the approach, for example:
- The state agency switches from one USDA-approved Menu Planning Tool to another;
- Dietary specifications requirements change (except phased-in sodium requirements);
- A change in how the process measures the dietary specifications and/or how the methodology assesses food purchasing, menu planning, meal preparation, and/or meal service.
States should contact their FNS regional office with any questions about the re-approval process, including whether a specific change requires re-approval.
Child Nutrition Division