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Nutrition Requirements for Fluid Milk

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PDF Icon Policy Memo (79.17 KB)
DATE: April 14, 2011
MEMO CODE: SP29-2011
SUBJECT: Child Nutrition Reauthorization 2010: Nutrition Requirements for Fluid Milk
TO: Regional Directors
Special Nutrition Programs
All Regions
State Directors
Child Nutrition Programs
All States

The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (the Act), PL 111-296, modifies requirements for fluid milk in the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program. The purpose of this memorandum is to provide guidance on the implementation of these modifications.

Section 202 of the Act amends section 9(a)(2)(A) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 USC 1758(a)(2)(A)) by requiring that a variety of fluid milk be served consistent with the most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The 2010 dietary guidelines recommend that persons over two years of age consume fat-free or low-fat (1%) fluid milk. To offer milk variety consistent with this recommendation, school food authorities must offer at least two choices from the following: fat-free milk, low-fat (1%) milk, fat-free or low-fat lactose reduced milk, fat-free or low-fat lactose-free milk, fat-free or low-fat buttermilk, and fat-free or low-fat acidified milk. Such products must be pasteurized fluid milk that meets state and local standards, as currently required in 7 CFR 210.10(m)(1)(ii).

The proposed rule, Nutrition Standards in the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs, published in the Federal Register on Jan. 13, 2011, includes a similar provision that addresses the allowable fat content of milk and also addresses flavored milk. Until an implementing rule goes into effect, plain or flavored low-fat and fat-free milk may be offered to meet the variety requirements described above.

We understand that many contracts are in place and would need to be altered to comply with this requirement. School food authorities should work to comply with this requirement as soon as possible, but not later than the beginning of School Year 2011- 2012.

State agencies should direct any questions concerning this guidance to the appropriate FNS regional office. Regional offices with questions should contact the child nutrition division.

Cynthia Long
Child Nutrition Division

Page updated: December 28, 2021

The contents of this guidance document do not have the force and effect of law and are not meant to bind the public in any way. This document is intended only to provide clarity to the public regarding existing requirements under the law or agency policies.