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Record Maintenance Requirements for Family Day Care Home Providers in CACFP

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PDF Icon Policy Memo (78.70 KB)
DATE: February 24, 2009
SUBJECT: Record Maintenance Requirements for Family Day Care Home Providers in Child and Adult Care Food Program
TO: Regional Directors
Child Nutrition Programs
All Regions
State Directors
Child Nutrition Programs
All States

The purpose of this memo is to reaffirm the intent of the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) regulations at 226.10(d) and 226.18(d), (e) and (g) that require family day care home (FDCH) providers to maintain program records. Misinterpretation of these requirements and the extent of the associated recordkeeping problems found during various Program evaluation efforts, USDA Inspector General audits as well as reviews conducted during the Child Care Assessment Project (CCAP), indicate a need to clarify these established record maintenance requirements. Correct implementation of these provisions is intended to facilitate reviews, to enhance Program integrity, and to assure providers that they are being properly reimbursed by their sponsors.

Through recent audits and reviews, it has come to our attention that many sponsors collect and maintain most or all provider records. Section 226.10(d) requires that records shall be retained for three years after the date of submission of the final claim for the fiscal year to which they pertain, except that if audit findings have not been resolved, the records shall be retained beyond the end of the three year period as long as may be required for the resolution of the issues raised by the audit. We realize that sponsors must require providers to submit records of menus, meal counts and enrollment. However, it is important that copies of these records also be maintained at the provider’s facility in accordance with 226.18(e), which states that each day care home must maintain on file documentation of each child’s enrollment and must maintain daily records of the number of children in attendance and the number of meals, by type, served to enrolled children.

While sponsors may keep duplicate records, maintaining records on site at the FDCH ensures that records are available for review when a monitor or auditor arrives at the home. Records that are kept at the provider’s home also afford the SA an audit trail and the ability to confirm the accuracy of the records at both locations. In addition, regional directors maintaining records at the FDCH instills an internal control whereby the provider is assured that reimbursements are accurate and that no errors have occurred in the payment process.

We realize that some might argue that the proper implementation of this existing regulation is an unnecessary administrative burden for providers. In an effort to satisfy that concern, providers must only maintain and have on hand for immediate review all records that support their program activities for the current month, as well as the previous twelve months of operation. Records should include documentation of attendance, enrollment, meal counts and menus. Providers may store the remaining two years of records offsite; however, they must still be in the control of the provider and accessible within a reasonable amount of time. If no offsite storage is used, providers must retain three years of records, onsite, at the FDCH. Records can be kept in hard copy or electronic format, provided that they are readily available to reviewers. Sponsors and providers must be aware that failure to maintain such records shall be grounds for the denial of reimbursement.

State agencies and sponsors should immediately begin taking measures to ensure that this established Program requirement is met in conformance with the original intent of the regulation. Correct implementation of this existing requirement should be completed not later than Oct. 1, 2010. Although states and sponsors may establish earlier implementation dates, steps should be taken to minimize any unnecessary burden to sponsors and providers. Providers should be given the opportunity to correctly implement this requirement without any fiscal or serious deficiency penalties against providers for non-compliance unless it is in violation of a previously established state or sponsor requirement or a provider’s agreement with the sponsor. However, corrective action is appropriate for violations that occur after the final Oct. 1, 2010, implementation date.

Cynthia Long
Child Nutrition Division

Page updated: December 09, 2021

The contents of this guidance document do not have the force and effect of law and are not meant to bind the public in any way. This document is intended only to provide clarity to the public regarding existing requirements under the law or agency policies.