Participation in the Indian Reservation and Commodity Supplemental Food Programs, and Meals Served in the Nutrition Services Incentive Program  1]
(Data as of April 04, 2014)
     Food Distrib.  Commodity Supplemental  Nutrition Services
Fiscal Prog. on Indian Food Program 3] Incentive Program
Year Reservations 2]  W-I-C  Elderly  Total  Meals Served 4] 
     --Thousands-- --------Thousands------------ -----Millions-----
1969 3,610.7 20.6 -- 20.6 --
1970 3,812.0 93.6 -- 93.6 --
1971 3,755.8 182.8 -- 182.8 --
1972 3,437.7 172.2 -- 172.2 --
1973 2,659.7 158.0 -- 158.0 --
1974 1,981.6 145.7 -- 145.7 --
1975 329.6 132.2 -- 132.2 --
1976 79.7 131.6 -- 131.6 --
1977 81.9 104.2 -- 104.2 105.2
1978 89.8 104.1 -- 104.1 134.4
1979 97.4 99.3 -- 99.3 153.7
1980 74.7 102.0 -- 102.0 165.7
1981 87.9 114.8 -- 114.8 184.9
1982 90.6 126.4 1.3 127.7 188.9
1983 98.9 137.5 5.3 142.8 200.9
1984 114.3 137.2 12.9 150.1 212.8
1985 138.5 139.1 19.4 158.5 225.3
1986 145.0 138.0 23.3 161.3 228.2
1987 145.7 136.5 56.2 192.7 232.1
1988 136.7 130.8 81.8 212.6 243.9
1989 139.9 147.3 92.3 239.6 243.3
1990 138.3 167.2 106.7 273.9 245.6
1991 129.6 186.2 109.6 295.8 244.6
1992 117.6 222.5 120.1 342.6 245.4
1993 115.5 229.2 141.6 370.8 244
1994 115.8 200.4 162.6 363.0 247.2
1995 116.6 164.1 199.8 363.9 250.8
1996 120 137.4 219.3 356.7 245.6
1997 124 127.3 243.1 370.4 247.5
1998 124.7 128.2 248.7 376.9 250.6
1999 129.5 112.1 269.6 381.7 252.7
2000 121.5 95.4 293.8 389.2 253.1
2001 113.2 83.7 323.5 407.2 252.7
2002 110.1 75.3 352.2 427.5 --
2003 107.6 66.3 389.4 455.7 --
2004 104.4 62.9 458.8 521.7 --
2005 98.9 52.5 459.9 512.4 --
2006 5] 89.9 40 422.3 462.3 --
2007 86.6 33.3 432.8 466.1 --
2008 90.2 30.9 444.4 475.3 --
2009 95.4 23.3 443.3 466.6 --
2010 84.6 21.1 497.7 518.8 --
2011 77.8 19.2 568.8 588.0 --
2012 76.5 17.6 576.6 594.2 --
2013 75.6 15.1 564.7 579.8 --
FY 2013 data are preliminary; all data are subject to revision.
 
1] Participation data are twelve-month averages.
2] Formerly known as the Needy Family Program.  Program participation was limited to Indian reservations and to certain Pacific islands after nationwide conversion to the Food Stamp Program (completed by the end of FY 1975).   Most Pacific island assistance was phased out as islands converted from U.S. territorial status to commonwealths.
3] Initiated operations in November 1968. W-I-C is the women, infants and children component, a food distribution alternative to the WIC program.  Elderly participation was initiated on a pilot project basis in FY 1982.
4] Until re-titled by legislation in FY 2001, this program was called Nutrition Program for the Elderly.  Meals are home delivered (meals on wheels) or served in congregate settings.  It was initiated in FY 1975 but data on meals served were not collected prior to FY 1977.  As of FY 2002,  NSIP meal counts are collected by the Administration on Aging.  As of FY 2003, NSIP is administered by AoA except for food distribution; most State/Indian agencies receive cash grants, but a small number elect to receive part of their grants as commodities.  Data collection was transferred a year early because the FY 2001 legislation mandated that the proportion of total funds received by each grantee is based on its percentage of total meals served during the previous year.
5] The decline in FY 2006 participation is due primarily to reduced activity in New Orleans following the devastation of Hurricane Katrina; it also reflects a reduction in program caseload due to funding constraints.  FY 2006 does not include supplemental disaster assistance provided to the gulf states beginning in July.