Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation and Costs
(Data as of April 4, 2014)
        Average Benefit Per Person 1]     All Other Costs 2]    
       
Fiscal Year Average Participation Total Benefits Total Costs
    --Thousands-- --Dollars--      ----------Millions of Dollars----------
1969 2,878 6.63 228.80 21.70 250.50
1970 4,340 10.55 549.70 27.20 576.90
1971 9,368 13.55 1,522.70 53.20 1,575.90
1972 11,109 13.48 1,797.30 69.40 1,866.70
1973 12,166 14.60 2,131.40 76.00 2,207.40
1974 12,862 17.61 2,718.30 119.20 2,837.50
1975 17,064 21.40 4,385.50 233.20 4,618.70
1976 18,549 23.93 5,326.50 359.00 5,685.50
1977 17,077 24.71 5,067.00 394.00 5,461.00
1978 16,001 26.77 5,139.20 380.50 5,519.70
1979 17,653 30.59 6,480.20 459.60 6,939.80
1980 21,082 34.47 8,720.90 485.60 9,206.50
1981 22,430 39.49 10,629.90 595.40 11,225.20
1982 3] 21,717 39.17 10,208.30 628.40 10,836.70
1983 21,625 42.98 11,152.30 694.80 11,847.10
1984 20,854 42.74 10,696.10 882.60 11,578.80
1985 19,899 44.99 10,743.60 959.60 11,703.20
1986 19,429 45.49 10,605.20 1,033.20 11,638.40
1987 19,113 45.78 10,500.30 1,103.90 11,604.20
1988 18,645 49.83 11,149.10 1,167.70 12,316.80
1989 18,806 51.71 11,669.78 1,231.81 12,901.59
1990 20,049 58.78 14,142.79 1,304.47 15,447.26
1991 22,625 63.78 17,315.77 1,431.50 18,747.27
1992 25,407 68.57 20,905.68 1,556.66 22,462.34
1993 26,987 67.95 22,006.03 1,646.94 23,652.97
1994 27,474 69.00 22,748.58 1,744.87 24,493.45
1995 26,619 71.27 22,764.07 1,856.30 24,620.37
1996 25,543 73.21 22,440.11 1,890.88 24,330.99
1997 22,858 71.27 19,548.86 1,958.68 21,507.55
1998 19,791 71.12 16,890.49 2,097.84 18,988.32
1999 18,183 72.27 15,769.40 2,051.52 17,820.92
2000 17,194 72.62 14,983.32 2,070.70 17,054.02
2001 17,318 74.81 15,547.39 2,242.00 17,789.39
2002 19,096 79.67 18,256.20 2,380.82 20,637.02
2003 21,250 83.94 21,404.28 2,412.01 23,816.28
2004 23,811 86.16 24,618.89 2,480.14 27,099.03
2005 25,628 92.89 28,567.88 2,504.24 31,072.11
2006 26,549 94.75 30,187.35 2,715.72 32,903.06
2007 26,316 96.18 30,373.27 2,801.21 33,174.48
2008 28,223 102.19 34,608.40 3,033.64 37,642.04
2009 33,490 125.31 50,359.92 3,260.09 53,620.01
2010 40,302 133.79 64,702.16 3,581.78 68,283.94
2011 44,709 133.85 71,810.92 3,876.57 75,687.49
2012 46,609 133.41 74,619.34 3,826.05 78,445.40
2013 47,636 133.07 76,066.28 3,795.97 79,862.25
All data are subject to revision.
 
1] Represents average monthly benefits per person.
 
2] Includes the Federal share of State administrative expenses, Nutrition Education, and Employment and Training programs. Also includes other Federal costs (e.g., Benefit and Retailer Redemption and Monitoring, Payment Accuracy, EBT Systems, Program Evaluation and Modernization, Program Access, Health and Nutrition Pilot Projects).
 
3] Puerto Rico initiated Food Stamp operations during FY 1975 and participated through June of FY 1982. A separate Nutrition Assistance Grant began in July 1982.