Peer Review

Last Published: 03/10/2014

As required under the Office of Management and Budget's "Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review," released December 16, 2004, the Food and Nutrition Service reviews its study and evaluation plans to determine whether any projects currently planned or underway meet the Bulletin's standards for "highly influential scientific assessments" or "influential scientific information".

The agency has concluded from its most recent review that is not currently preparing or sponsoring any "highly influential scientific assessments." Five current projects are expected to yield "influential scientific information". Peer review plans for these projects are linked below:

Title: Summer EBT for Children Comprehensive Final Report


Authorized under the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act (P.L. 111-8), the Summer EBT for Children (SEBTC) demonstrations rigorously test and evaluate the extent to which the use of electronic benefits technologies can be used to reduce food insecurity among children eligible for assistance through the FNS National School Lunch and Summer Food Service Programs. During the summer, when school is not in session, only about fifteen percent of eligible children are reached by these feeding programs. SEBTC is intended to bridge this gap.

Title: Study of Nutrition and Wellness Quality in Child Care Settings (Sec. 223 of PL 111-296)


Required by Section 223 of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, the study is a national study of child care centers and family or group day care homes that includes an assessment of (1) the nutritional quality of all foods provided to children in child care settings as compared to the recommendations in most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans, (2) the quantity and type of opportunities for physical activity provided to children in child care settings; (3) the quantity of time spent by children in child care settings in sedentary activities; and (4) an assessment of barriers and facilitators to nutritional and wellness quality.  In addition, the study will subsample providers participating in the Child and Adult Care Food Program so all analyses can be conducted separately for CACFP.  The CACFP-focused analysis will also provide a cost analysis to determine the cost of providing meals and snacks in CACFP.

Title: WIC Infant and Toddler Feeding Practices Study-2 Interim and Final Reports


A national, longitudinal data collection regarding contemporary WIC infant and toddler feeding practices, including the duration of breastfeeding, the age and pattern of introduction of foods other than breast milk or formula, and the age of introduction of cow’s milk. The study is examining the influences that shape a mother’s infant and toddler feeding decisions and describing the changes in feeding practices as the children develop. This study also collects information on nutrition education, breastfeeding promotion, and support provided to participants.


View Completed Peer Review Plans and Reports


Richard Lucas, FNS Peer Review Official
Acting Deputy Administrator for Policy Support
3101 Park Center Drive
Alexandria, VA 22302
Phone: (703) 305-2017

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