Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA) Information

Last Published: 11/28/2016

We adjust SNAP maximum allotments, deductions, and income eligibility standards at the beginning of each Federal fiscal year. The changes are based on changes in the cost of living. COLAs take effect on October 1 each year.

Maximum allotments are calculated from the cost of a market basket based on the Thrifty Food Plan for a family of four, priced in June that year. The maximum allotments for households larger and smaller than four persons are determined using formulas that account for economies of scale. Smaller households get slightly more per person than the four-person household. Larger households get slightly less.

Income eligibility standards are set by law. Gross monthly income limits are set at 130 percent of the poverty level for the household size. Net monthly income limits are set at 100 percent of poverty.

Income Eligibility Standards

2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004

 

Maximum Allotments and Deductions

2017 2016 2015 2014-2* 2014-1* 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009-2 2009-1 2008 2007
2006 2005 2004

 

Maximum Allotments for Alaska, Hawaii, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands

2017 2016 2015 2014-2 2014-1 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009-2 2009-1 2008 2007
2006 2005 2004

 

Minimum SNAP Allotment

2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011

* pre ARRA (American Recovery & Reinvestment Act of 2009)